Botanical Name – Coriander sativum
Coriander leaves are variable in shape and are useful for cooking purpose. Flowers are borne in small umbles, white or very pale pink in colour. Fruit is globular dry. Coriander seeds are also very useful for cookery purpose.
Coriander is a wonderful source of dietary fiber, manganese, iron, and magnesium. In addition to this coriander leaves are rich in vitamin C and protein. They also contain a small amount of phosphorus, potassium, thiamin, niacin, and carotene.
Coriander has many health benefits such as:
- It reduces skin inflammation, high cholesterol level and combats diarrhea.
- In case of mouth ulcers, anemia, indigestion and menstrual disorders, coriander can be a great herb to consume as well.
- It is also useful in the treatment of conjunctivitis, skin disorder and blood sugar disorders.
- It is also useful in bleeding from nose (Epistaxis).
How to use Coriander
- Apply a paste of coriander leaves in case of a headache.
- In the cure of mouth ulcers, gargling with a decoction of coriander seeds can be very effective.
How to prepare
- Boil one teaspoon of coriander seeds in a cup of water. Use this water 3-4 times a day. Add two drops of coriander leaves in both nostrils to prevent further bleeding.
- In excessive thirst and burning sensation, add cold water with sugar and its leaf juice.
2. Fennel (saunf)
Botanical name – foeniculum vulgare
Fennel is a flowering plant. It is a perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. Fennel leaves grow up to 40 cm long.
Flowers are produced in terminal compound umbel 5-15 cm wide, each umbel section having 20-25 tiny yellow flowers in short pedicles.
Fennel contains essential oil. The essential oil is constituted mainly by anethole which has anti-cancer properties, estragole, and fenchone. Other constituents are flavonoids and coumarins, R- prince and B- pinen.
- Fennel is useful in colitis, constipation and in painful menstruation. It is also useful in a cough, bronchitis, stomach upset and indigestion in bloating.
- Domestic gripe water is a recipe prepared at home with combinations of fennel, ginger, chamomile, licorice, cinnamon, and lemon balm. The soothing herbs in the gripe water help to heal indigestion and inflammation.
- In care of constipation, drinking herbal tea containing a combination of fennel, anise, elderberry and senna on paper can prove to be greatly beneficial.
- In case of painful menstruation, taking fennel extracts four times daily starting at the beginning of a period can reduce pain in girls and young women with painful menstruation (dysmenorrhea).
- In case of sunburn, applying fennel to skin before UV exposure can reduce sunburn.
- Fennel seeds contain a compound called anethole, which is phytoestrogen that mimics the properties of estrogen hormone that increase milk secretion in women. This is very helpful for lactating women for breastfeeding.
- Anethole is responsible for carminative action by encouraging the expulsion of intestinal gas by taking orally after the meal.
- Fennel seeds are use to limit the symptoms of asthma. It helps to reduce the congestion and helps against the hacking cough that accompanies bronchitis because of the presence of lionel and anethole constituents which are expectorant in nature.
- For weight loss, drinking a cup of fennel 20 minutes before eating reduces appetite since it helps with indigestion. It also helps to turn the food in energy instead of fat.
- Fennel is a good diuretic and it increases the flow of urine and act as a tonic to the kidneys.
Botanical name – Curcuma longa
Turmeric is a tall annual herb of south-east Asia.
Turmeric leaves are large (close to 2 feet), its blade is slippering, oblong and lance as it tapers along the base. In fact, turmeric plant is identifiable by both its characteristics tuberous root and the leaves that extend upward from thick stems arising from root.
Rhizomes are underground stems and these have roots below them and leaves growing above. The interior of turmeric root is hard, orange-yellow in colour.
Composition of Indian Turmeric
Chemical composition depends upon the origin colour of where it is grown.
The root of turmeric plant is composed of volatile oil (bitter in taste), starch, gum, calcium chloride, fibre and curcumin.
Turmeric rhizomes contain the yellow colour.
The most significant cucuminoid is cucumic and it is believed that the phenolic character of cucumin is responsible for antioxidant. It also contains protein 6.3%, fat 5.1%, mineral matter 3.5%, fibre 2.6% and carbohydrates 69.4% .
Turmeric is a miracle herb. It has many health benefits such as it is a good anti-inflammatory agent, a natural painkiller and a patent antioxidant. It helps in heavy metal detoxification. It improves digestion and stomach health. It benefits in gerd and acid reflux. It reduces the senering of various type of arthritis common in osteoarthritis. It is a good healing agent in case of fracture.
Turmeric has antiplatelet properties as well.
- Anti-inflammatory agent
Cumin is the compound present in turmeric. It has potent anti- filamentary property. It inhibits the activity that regulates inflammatory proven.
- Natural Painkiller
Curcumin’s anti-inflammatory property contributes to its painkiller Its inhibitory action on inflammatory chemicals like prostaglandins and interleukin helps in reducing pain.
Mostly useful in post-surgical pain and burn injuries.
Turmeric oil has analgesic properties comparable to aspirin. Topical applications of turmeric can reduce pain in arthritis.it helps in healing the joints against immune system attack in RA factor. It is a potent antioxidant.
Curcuminoicts present in turmeric are strong antioxidants.
Antioxidants function in 3 ways:
- Reduce oxidative stress in body
- Raise level of antioxidant enzymes
- Remove Free radical species that cause oxidative damage
- Turmeric is used in the treatment of heavy metal poisoning i.e. mercury and lead poisoning
- Turmeric is very useful in various digestive disorders such as bloating, indigestion and protect bacterial infection such as gastritis, GERD, acidity.
- Turmeric is a carminative and helps in relieving bloating.
- In gastritis, it reduces stomach acids and prevent inflammation of the cells of intestines.
- To treat piles we make semi-solid paste of turmeric and apply in affected area.
- When the turmeric powder is placed on the flame, the vapours are emitted. In ayurveda, it is said that inhaling those vapours help